Feature: Knowing the 5 Emergency Action Principles

  • July 31, 2017
  • Daniel B. Codamon

LAGAWE, Ifugao, July 31 (PIA)- - With the announcement of President Rodrigo Duterte for the creation of a separate Department for National Resiliency and Disaster Preparedness, it correspondingly requires  a  number of trained emergency responders to fill it.

It is basic for those interested to join the office as a preparation and reminder to know the Five Principles of Emergency Action Principles and how to start any emergency activity or action that needs the elements of Planning, Provision of Logistics, Initial Response and Instruction to By-standers in order to prevent more harm than to good.

According to the Manual of Basic Life Support, the Emergency Plan should be established based on anticipated needs and available resources, the emergency response begins with the preparation of equipment and personnel before any emergency occur, Initial Response involves asking for help, intervene or do no further harm and Instruction to By-standers is the proper information and instructions to by-standers and the organization of first aid care.

After observing these elements, the emergency responder can now apply the 5 Emergency Action Principles which are Surveying the Scene, Initial Assessment of the Victim, Activate Medical Assistance, Secondary Assessment of the Victim and Referral for Further Evaluation and Management.

In Surveying the Scene as emergency responder, once you recognize that an emergency has occurred and decide to act, make sure that the scene of the emergency is safe for you, the victim or victims and any by-stander.

Its elements are scene safety of which the safety of the rescuer is of primary concern, the mechanism of the injury such as trauma in vehicular accident, shooting incident or fall or the nature of the illness like heart attack, asthma or fever, determine the number of patients and determine the additional resources.

After ensuring scene safety start Initial Assessment by first finding out if there are conditions that are an immediate threat to the victim like consciousness, responsiveness and breathing such as recognizing problem in response by tapping the shoulder of the victim and shouting “Are you okay” or “What Happen” and recognizing problem in breathing by looking at the chest rise and signs of gasping, irregular rise and fall of the chest, wheezing, gargling sound, cannot speak or unresponsive but breathing.

In the local setting, Activating Medical Assistance may be done by calling the local health unit or call the nearest hospital or barangay health station or in some emergency, call for specific medical advice before administering first aid.

In some situations,  you will need to attend to the victim first or the so-called “Care First Principle” which is applicable for unresponsive victims of all ages especially infants with likely asphyxiated arrest like in drowning or hanging and “Call First Principle” for sudden collapse in the victim of all ages especially for adult victims.

The information to remember in activating medical assistance are What Happened? Location?, Number of Persons Injured?, Extent of the Injury, Telephone number where you are calling and the Person who activated the medical assistance must identify himself or herself.

In doing a Secondary Assessment of the Victim, it is a systematic method of additional information about injuries or conditions that may need care by interviewing the victim for signs and symptoms, allergies, medications, past medical history last meal taken and events prior to the injury or incident then check vital signs every 15 minutes if the victim is in stable condition and every 5 minutes if unstable.

Also do head to toe examination in trauma victims for deformity, contusion, abrasion, punctures, burn, tenderness, laceration or swelling and the fifth emergency action is the Referral of the victim for Further Evaluation and Management that pertains to the transfer of a victim to a hospital or health care facility if necessary for a definitive treatment.

In giving emergency care it is imperative to follow the golden rules involving the Dos and Don’ts which are:  do obtain consent when possible, do think of the worst, do remember to identify yourself, do provide comfort and emotional support, do respect the victim, do be as calm and direct as possible, do care for the most serious injuries first, do assist the victim on medication, do keep lookers away from the injured person, do handle the victim to a minimum and do loosen tight clothing and do not let the victim see his injuries, do not leave the victim alone except to get help, do not assume that the victim’s obvious injuries are the only one, do not make any unrealistic promises and do not trust the judgment of a confused person.(DBC- PIA CAR, Ifugao)


Other News

DepEd, other agencies participate in the HDPR Community Forum and Serbisyo Caravan
  • August 21, 2017
PASIG CITY, Aug. 21 – To ensure that students, parents, and other stakeholders have the necessary information on its priority programs and projects, the Department of Education (DepEd) participated at the Community Forum and Serbisyo Caravan held on 12 August 2017 at the Commonwealth Elementary School in Quezon City.   With the theme, Edukasyon, Kalusugan, at Proteksyon, this inter-agency initiative aimed to bring government services directly to the people from the various government agencies under the Human Development and Poverty Reduction (HDPR) Cabinet Cluster.   The ...Read more
DepEd inks pacts with educ partners, receives donations for learners
  • August 21, 2017
PASIG CITY, Aug. 21 – Department of Education (DepEd) Secretary Leonor Magtolis Briones expressed her gratitude toward various education partners for always putting high value and extending help and assistance to the education sector.   The Education Chief conveyed this during the ceremonial turnover of donations for learners and signing of Memorandum of Agreements (MOA) with DepEd partners on 10 August 2017 at the Bulwagan ng Karunungan, DepEd Central Office in Pasig City.   “DepEd is feeling very blessed and spoiled because we are always number one whenever a business in...Read more
ALC Foundation celebrates World Bamboo Day with ​​‘Camp Kawayan’ bamboo planting event
  • August 21, 2017
  Got nothing to do this September? Are you looking for an exciting adventure with a cause for your family and squad? Join Kawayanihan 2017: Camp Kawayan and be a bamboo warrior!   In celebration of World Bamboo Day 2017, ALC Foundation is organizing a bamboo planting trail dubbed as “Camp Kawayan” under its Kawayanihan project. The half-day event hopes to gather around 2,000 volunteers from Metro Manila, Central Luzon, and South Luzon along the riverbanks of San Mateo, Rizal (starting from Dulongbayan 1) on 23 September 2017, 6 am onwards.   It is hoped that this uni...Read more
Exclusive breastfeeding campaign continues in CDO
  • August 21, 2017
CAGAYAN DE ORO CITY, Aug. 21 (PIA) – In an episode of Talakayan sa PIA on 15 August 2017, Department of Health (DOH) region 10 explained the importance of mothers giving exclusive breastfeeding to their newborn up to six months. This is a crucial stage wherein a mother’s milk is what the baby needs and nothing else. Apart from that, this is where the baby gets all the nutrients and immunity to survive the world outside the womb. Gilda Ajoc, Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative Program Coordinator of DOH region 10 shared that some mothers might think that they don’t have the milk or ...Read more