TACLOBAN CITY, Leyte, March 20 - Palay production in Eastern Visayas slightly declined by 0.1 percent from 955,709 metric tons (MT) in 2015 to 954,844 MT in 2016. This is, however, better compared to the 2.7 percent decrease recorded in 2015.
Similarly, the total harvest area decreased by 0.1 percent from 268,315 hectares in 2015 to 268,110 hectares in 2016. This is also better compared to the 5.2 percent decline recorded in 2015.
Yield for palay in the region was sustained at 3.6 MT per hectare.
PALAY PRODUCTION HIGHEST IN LEYTE PROVINCE
Leyte produced 473,580 MT of palay in 2016 which comprised almost half (49.6 percent) of the total palay production in the region. It recorded the highest among provinces despite the 3.2 percent decline from its volume of production in 2015.
Samar ranked second with 149,307 MT, which accounted for 15.6 percent of the region’s total palay production during the period. It posted the highest increase in volume of production among the provinces at 17.1 percent.
Northern Samar registered third highest palay producer in the region with 111,086 MT or 11.6 percent share to the total palay production in the region. However, the province recorded the highest decrease in volume of production among the provinces at 5.2 percent.
Southern Leyte contributed 9.5 percent with 91,088 MT palay production and Biliran shared 7.1 percent with 67,881 MT palay production. Eastern Samar, meanwhile, had the lowest volume of production (61,902 MT) accounting for only 6.5 percent.
SAMAR REGISTERS HIGHEST EXPANSION IN PALAY AREA HARVESTED
Samar registered the highest expansion in palay area harvested (8.3 percent) from 50,079 hectares in 2015 to 54,216 in 2016. Eastern Samar likewise posted a minimal increase in palay area harvested (0.1 percent) from 21,401 hectares in 2015 to 21,430 in 2016.
The rest of the provinces registered decreases in palay area harvested with the province of Northern Samar recording the highest reduction of 3.3 percent, from 41,094 hectares in 2015 to 39,746 hectares in 2016.
The top three palay producing provinces in the region accounted for the largest percent of palay area harvested. Leyte recorded more than two-fifths or 43.4 percent of the total palay area harvested in 2016. Samar shared 20.2 percent, while Northern Samar accounted for 14.8 percent share to the total palay area harvested in the region.
The province of Biliran, meanwhile, contributed the least during the 2016 cropping year (14,769 hectares) accounting for only 5.5 percent.
BILIRAN RECORDS HIGHEST YIELD PER HECTARE
Biliran posted the highest yield per hectare among the provinces at 4.6 MT per hectare in 2016. This figure is slightly higher (2.2 percent) than the 4.5 MT per hectare recorded a year ago.
Southern Leyte ranked second highest with 4.2 MT yield per hectare, despite recording a decline (2.3 percent) from its 4.3 MT per hectare registered in 2015.
Leyte closely followed with a sustained yield per hectare of 4.1 MT per hectare.
Northern Samar and Samar provinces both registered the lowest yield per hectare at 2.8 MT yield per hectare after registering declines of 3.4 percent and 12.0 percent, respectively, from their figures in 2015.
PALAY PRODUCTION BY ECOSYSTEM
Irrigated palay production in the region, which accounts for more than half (56.8 percent) of the region’s total palay production, declined by 1.3 percent, from 549,640 MT in 2015 to 542,684 MT in 2016.
Increases in the volume of palay produced in irrigated farms in Samar (9.4 percent), Biliran (2.0 percent) and Eastern Samar (0.8 percent), were not enough to offset the decreases recorded in Northern Samar (-3.1 percent), Leyte (-2.6 percent) and Southern Leyte (-0.7 percent).
Among the provinces, Leyte produced the largest volume of palay in irrigated farms with 339,089 MT. It contributed almost two thirds (62.5 percent) of the irrigated palay production in the region. Southern Leyte and Biliran followed with 15.5 percent and 12.5 percent share to the regional irrigated palay production, respectively.
Meanwhile, Eastern Samar, had the lowest volume of production of palay in irrigated farms with 19,409 MT or 3.6 percent share to the total regional production.
Correspondingly, area harvested for irrigated palay in the region went down by 1.0 percent, from 126,500 hectares in 2015 to 125,261 in 2016. Decreases in area harvested were noted in all provinces except for Northern Samar and Easter Samar which exhibited increases of 2.8 percent and 1.0 percent, respectively. Leyte recorded the biggest decline of 1.7 percent.
Majority or 61.9 percent of the area harvested for irrigated palay were in the province of Leyte. Southern Leyte and Biliran shared 15.1 percent and 11.7 percent, respectively.
Northern Samar, meanwhile, contributed the least with only 4,450 hectares or 3.6 percent share to the total regional area harvested for irrigated palay, despite recording an increase of 2.8 percent from its figure in 2015.
On the other hand, rainfed palay production in the region, which accounts for 43.2 percent of the region’s total palay production, went up by 1.5 percent, from 406,069 MT in 2015 to 412,160 MT in 2016.
Decreases in the volume of production were recorded in all provinces except for Samar, the only province that has recorded an increase of 18.2 percent. On the other hand, Southern Leyte recorded the biggest decline of 11.5 percent.
Among the provinces, Leyte produced the largest volume of palay in rainfed farms with 134,491 MT. It contributed almost one third or 32.6 percent of the rainfed palay production in the region. Samar closely followed with 132,092 MT or 32.0 percent share to the regional rainfed palay production.
Meanwhile, Biliran, had the lowest volume of production of palay in rainfed farms with only 177 MT or less than 0.1 percent share to the total regional production.
Correspondingly, area harvested for rainfed palay in the region slightly increased by 0.7 percent, from 141,815 hectares in 2015 to 142,849 in 2016. Decreases in area harvested were noted in all provinces except for Samar, the only province that exhibited increase of 9.1 percent. Southern Leyte recorded the biggest decline of 10.3 percent.
More than one third or 34.7 percent of the area harvested for rainfed palay were in the province of Samar. Leyte and Northern Samar covered 27.3 percent and 24.7 percent, respectively.
Biliran, meanwhile, still remains to have the least area harvested for rainfed palay with only 90 hectares accounting for only 0.1 percent of the total area harvested in the region. (PR-PSA-8)