Palay production in East Visayas better in 2016

  • March 20, 2017

TACLOBAN CITY, Leyte, March 20 - Palay  production  in  Eastern Visayas  slightly  declined  by  0.1 percent  from  955,709  metric  tons (MT)  in  2015  to  954,844  MT  in 2016.   This is, however, better compared to the 2.7 percent decrease recorded in 2015.

Similarly,  the  total  harvest area decreased by 0.1 percent from 268,315  hectares  in  2015  to 268,110 hectares  in  2016.  This is also better compared to the 5.2 percent decline recorded in 2015.

Yield for palay in the region was sustained at 3.6 MT per hectare.

 

PALAY PRODUCTION HIGHEST IN LEYTE PROVINCE

Leyte produced  473,580  MT of  palay  in  2016  which  comprised almost  half  (49.6  percent)  of  the total  palay  production in the region. It recorded  the  highest  among provinces  despite  the  3.2  percent decline  from  its  volume  of production in 2015.

Samar  ranked  second  with 149,307  MT,  which  accounted  for 15.6  percent  of  the  region’s  total palay  production  during the period. It  posted  the  highest  increase  in volume  of  production  among the provinces at 17.1 percent.

Northern Samar registered third highest palay producer in the region with 111,086 MT  or  11.6  percent  share  to  the  total  palay  production  in  the  region.  However, the province recorded  the highest decrease in volume of  production among the provinces at  5.2 percent.

Southern  Leyte  contributed  9.5  percent  with  91,088  MT  palay  production and Biliran shared  7.1 percent with 67,881 MT palay production.  Eastern Samar, meanwhile, had the lowest volume of production (61,902 MT) accounting for only 6.5 percent.

 

SAMAR REGISTERS HIGHEST EXPANSION IN PALAY AREA HARVESTED

Samar  registered the  highest  expansion  in palay  area  harvested  (8.3 percent)  from  50,079 hectares  in  2015  to 54,216  in  2016.  Eastern Samar  likewise  posted  a minimal  increase  in  palay area  harvested  (0.1 percent)  from  21,401 hectares  in  2015  to 21,430 in 2016.

The  rest  of  the  provinces  registered  decreases  in  palay  area  harvested  with  the province of Northern Samar recording the highest  reduction  of 3.3 percent, from 41,094 hectares in 2015 to 39,746 hectares in 2016.

The  top  three  palay  producing  provinces  in  the  region  accounted  for  the  largest percent of palay area harvested.  Leyte recorded more than two-fifths  or  43.4 percent of the total palay area harvested in 2016.  Samar shared  20.2 percent, while Northern Samar accounted for 14.8 percent share to the total palay area harvested in the region.

The province of Biliran, meanwhile,  contributed  the least during  the 2016  cropping year (14,769 hectares) accounting for only 5.5 percent.

 

BILIRAN RECORDS HIGHEST YIELD PER HECTARE

Biliran  posted  the highest  yield  per  hectare among  the provinces  at  4.6 MT  per  hectare  in  2016. This  figure  is  slightly higher  (2.2  percent)  than the  4.5  MT  per  hectare recorded a year ago.

Southern  Leyte ranked  second  highest with  4.2  MT  yield  per hectare, despite recording a  decline  (2.3  percent) from  its  4.3  MT per hectare  registered  in 2015.

Leyte  closely  followed  with  a  sustained yield per hectare of 4.1 MT per hectare.

Northern Samar and  Samar  provinces  both registered the lowest yield per hectare at  2.8  MT  yield  per  hectare  after  registering  declines  of  3.4  percent  and  12.0  percent, respectively, from their figures in 2015.

 

PALAY PRODUCTION BY ECOSYSTEM

Irrigated  palay  production  in  the  region,  which  accounts  for  more  than  half  (56.8 percent) of the region’s total palay production, declined by 1.3 percent, from 549,640 MT in 2015 to 542,684 MT in 2016.

Increases  in  the  volume  of  palay  produced  in  irrigated  farms  in  Samar  (9.4 percent), Biliran (2.0 percent) and Eastern Samar (0.8 percent), were not enough to  offset the  decreases  recorded  in  Northern  Samar  (-3.1  percent),  Leyte  (-2.6  percent)  and Southern Leyte (-0.7 percent).

Among the provinces, Leyte produced the largest volume of palay in irrigated farms with 339,089  MT.  It  contributed  almost  two  thirds  (62.5  percent)  of  the  irrigated  palay production in the region.  Southern Leyte and Biliran followed with 15.5 percent and 12.5 percent share to the regional irrigated palay production, respectively.

Meanwhile,  Eastern  Samar,  had  the  lowest  volume  of  production  of  palay  in irrigated farms with 19,409 MT or 3.6 percent share to the total regional production. 

Correspondingly, area harvested for irrigated palay  in the region  went down by 1.0 percent, from 126,500 hectares in 2015 to 125,261 in 2016.  Decreases in area harvested were noted in all provinces except for Northern Samar and Easter Samar   which exhibited increases of 2.8 percent and 1.0   percent, respectively.  Leyte recorded the biggest decline of 1.7 percent.

Majority  or  61.9  percent  of  the  area  harvested  for  irrigated  palay  were  in  the province  of  Leyte.  Southern  Leyte  and  Biliran  shared  15.1  percent  and  11.7  percent, respectively.

Northern Samar, meanwhile, contributed the least with only 4,450 hectares or 3.6 percent share to the total regional area harvested for irrigated palay, despite  recording an increase of 2.8 percent from its figure in 2015.

On the other hand,  rainfed palay production in the region, which accounts for 43.2 percent of the region’s total palay production,  went up by 1.5 percent, from 406,069  MT in 2015 to 412,160 MT in 2016.

Decreases  in  the  volume  of production  were  recorded  in  all  provinces  except for Samar,  the  only  province  that  has  recorded  an  increase  of  18.2  percent.  On  the  other hand, Southern Leyte recorded the biggest decline of 11.5 percent.

Among the provinces, Leyte produced the largest volume of palay in  rainfed  farms with  134,491  MT.  It  contributed  almost  one  third  or  32.6  percent  of  the  rainfed  palay production in the region. Samar closely followed with 132,092 MT or 32.0 percent share to the regional rainfed palay production.

Meanwhile,  Biliran, had the lowest volume of production of palay in  rainfed  farms with only 177 MT or less than 0.1 percent share to the total regional production.

Correspondingly, area harvested for  rainfed  palay in the region  slightly increased by  0.7  percent,  from  141,815  hectares  in  2015  to  142,849  in  2016.  Decreases  in  area harvested were noted in all provinces except  for  Samar, the only  province  that exhibited increase of 9.1 percent. Southern Leyte recorded the biggest decline of 10.3 percent.

More than one  third  or 34.7  percent  of the area harvested for  rainfed  palay were in the province of Samar. Leyte and Northern Samar covered 27.3 percent and 24.7 percent, respectively.

Biliran, meanwhile,  still remains to have  the least  area harvested for rainfed palay with only  90 hectares  accounting for only 0.1 percent of the  total  area harvested  in the region. (PR-PSA-8)


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